A short history of MARINENS FLYVEVÆSEN

(an adaption into english of H. Kofoed’sDanske Militærfly gennem 50 år”)

 

The first aircraft of the Danish Navy was received on March 25, 1912, but already on December 14, 1911, were a number officers ordered to train as “aeroplane drivers”. The latter date is considered the date of forming of the “Marinens Flyvevæsen”.

The first Navy aeroplane operations took place from “Kløvermarken” outside Copenhagen where a hangar, for two flying boats procured from France, was erected. From the fall of 1913 all pilot training was conducted on water on flying boats and on 20 April 1915 the base of operation was moved to a new Flying Boat Station constructed south of Refshaleøen in connection with the naval base of Copenhagen.

At the outbreak of the 1.World War only two flying boats were available, but fortunately at this time the Naval Shipyard had started  manufacture of  flying boats of its own design. Until 1919 the Shipyard was the only deliverer of aircraft to the navy. This monopoly ended in 1919, but still afterwards the major part of the flying equipment was supplied by the yard under foreign licences. An additional Flying Boat Station was opened at Slipshavn on Fyen in November 1916, but it ceased operation in 1918.

In 1921 pilot training on land based aircraft was reinstated and the first two years the Army’s airfield at Avedøre was used. After that the civil airport of Copenhagen, Kastrup was used until the Flying School was moved to Ringsted in 1926.

An independent Flying Service was not created until September 15, 1923, before that the flying was organised under the Submarine and Flyingboat Flotilla and before that the HQ of the Navy.

A tactical division into two Flotillas was completed in 1926; 1. Luftflotille with flying boats for reconnaissance bombers at  the Copenhagen Air Station and 2.Luftflotille  with land based fighter aircraft at Ringsted Air Station. Later in 1930 a third Air Station at Avnø was constructed for use by the Flying School. In 1937 Ringsted AS was abandoned and 2.LF. moved to Avnø.

In the late thirties a change of policy meant that the service would concentrate on land based aircraft except for special purposes for which seaplanes were used. This plan incorporating Macchi C.200 fighters and Fairey P.4/34 bombers, was not implemented before the German occupation of Denmark on April 9, 1940. At that time the Naval Flying Service did not have a single modern aircraft to its disposition. The Germans prohibited all military flying and all aircraft were stored. The conscript personnel was demobilised whereas from 1941 to 43 the officers were allowed to train on gliders. On August 29 1943 the Danish fleet was sunk by its crews and later on November 22  the stored aircraft were sabotaged and burnt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


AIRCRAFT HAVING SERVED WITH MARINENS FLYVEVÆSEN

Naval Aircraft numbering system:

As from 1921 all aircraft types were given a type code where the first letter indicated flyingboat (F), floatplane (H) or landplane (L) and the second whether a biplane (B) or monoplane (M). A roman figure indicated (the sequence) in each class. F.B.III is therefore the 3rd type of flying boat biplane.

Initially all aircraft had individual names and then a number preceded by the name “Mågen”(Seagull). This naming was discontinued in 1918 when individual numbers were given: 1-99 for seaplane reconnaissance aircraft, 101-149 for land plane trainers, 151-200 for fighters and 201- to torpedo-bombers (the L.M.IIs delivered in 1940 however were given 61-64 despite being land plane trainers and P.4/34 fighters under construction were given 93-104!). 

 

FARMAN -HENRI FARMAN -   MAURICE FARMAN       

DONNET-LEVEQUE FLYINGBOATS (F.B.I)            

ORLOGSVÆRFTETS OV-FLYVEBÅDE - F.B.I - F.B.III - F.B.IV - F.B.V   

ORLOGSVÆRFTETS HYDRO BIPLAN I.(H.B.I)         

FRIEDRICHSHAFEN F.F.29                        

FRIEDRICHSHAFEN F.F.49 (H.B.II)               

HANSA-BRANDENBURG W.29 (H.M.I)                

CURTISS SEAGULL FLYINGBOAT (F.B.VI)           

AVRO 504K/N (L.B.I) -AVRO 504K- AVRO 504N:    

HAWKER DANKOK (L.B.II)                        

SUPERMARINE NANOK (F.B.VII)                   

DE HAVILLAND D.H.60G/M MOTH (L.B.III)         

HEINKEL H.E.8 (H.M.II)                        

AVRO TUTOR (L.B.IV)                           

HAWKER DANTORP (H.B.III)                                

HAWKER NIMROD (L.B.V)                         

DORNIER DO.F2 WAL (F.M.I)                               

FAIREY P.4/34 (L.M.I)                         

KRAMME & ZEUTHEN KZ-IIS (L.M.II)


 


CLICK ON PHOTO BELOW TO ENTER APPROPIATE ALBUM



CAMOUFLAGED AIRCRAFT PICTURES

 

 


FARMAN

 

QUANTITY: -1/1-                    SERVICE PERIOD: 1912-13

USER UNITS:

1)

 

SERIAL:            SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:         UNIT/DATE     WFU DATE     REMARKS

HENRI FARMAN (Danish Copy)

“Glenten”          R. Svendsen        25ma12           00oc13 wfu, later Tøjhus Museet

MAURICE FARMAN

Ørnen                       01fe13             02oc13 crashed, owner U. Birch killed

DONNET-LEVEQUE FLYINGBOATS (F.B.I)

 

QUANTITY: -2-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1913-1915

USER UNITS:

1)

 

SERIAL:  SER.NO:  DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE   REMARKS

Mågen/Mågen 1      French     00ap13                000014    wrecked

Ternen/Mågen 2     French     00ap13                12se15    wrecked, later Tøjhus Museet

ORLOGSVÆRFTETS OV-FLYVEBÅDE (F.B.II/III/IV/V)

 

QUANTITY: -8/10/2/3-    SERVICE PERIOD:    1914-1919/1915-1920

USER UNITS:

F.B.II:

1) Flyvebådsstation København (FBS Kbh)    (1914-1919)

F.B.III:

1) FBS Kbh                                 (1915-1920)

F.B.IV:

1) FBS Kbh                                 (1917-1921)

F.B.V:

1) Marinens Flyveskole                     (1919-1921)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

F.B.II:

Mågen 1(1)      O.V.2      00ap15     FBS Kbh    000017

Mågen 1(2)      O.V.14     00ap17     "   "     000017

Mågen 1(3)      O.V.19     00de17     "   "     000019 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 2(1)      O.V.4      00no15     "   "     000016

Mågen 2(2)      O.V.8      00jl16     "   "     000019 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 3(1)      O.V.1      26de14     "   "     000015

Mågen 3(2)      O.V.5      00ja16     "   "     000019 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 4(2)      O.V.10     00no16     "   "     000019 wfu, scrapped

F.B.III:

Mågen 4/14      O.V.3      00oc15     FBS Kbh    Fall 1916    8.Cyl.Curtiss, lost N. of Sjælland

Mågen 14(2)     O.V.18     00de17     "   "     000020 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 5/12      O.V.6      00ap16     "   "     000020 100HP Gnome Monosaupape, wfu, scrapped

Mågen 6/11      O.V.7      00ju16     "   "     Fall 1916    100HP Mercedes, crash Avedøre

Mågen 11(2)     O.V.13     00ma17     "   "     000020 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 15        O.V.9      00se16     "   "     000020 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 16        O.V.11     00de16     "   "     000020 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 17        O.V.20     00my18     "   "     000020 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 18        O.V.16     00se17     "   "     000020 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 19        O.V.17     00no17     "   "     000020 wfu, scrapped

F.B.IV:

Mågen 21(1)     O.V.15     00my17     FBS Kbh    000017 rebuild as Mågen 22                   

Mågen 21(2)     O.V.21     00jl18     "   "     000021 wfu, scrapped

Mågen 22        O.V.23     00se18     "   "     000021 wfu, scrapped

F.B.V:

Nr.6 O.V.26     00ma19     M.FLSK     000021     wfu, scrapped Feb.24

Nr.7 O.V.28     00ap19        "       000021     wfu, scrapped Feb.24

Nr.8 O.V.29     00de19        "       20jl20     crashed

ORLOGSVÆRFTETS HYDRO BIPLAN I.(H.B.I)

 

QUANTITY: -4-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1918-1924

USER UNITS:

1) FBS Kbh

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

23/14 O.V.22     00se18     FBS Kbh    00fe24     wfu and scrapped

24   O.V.24     00oc18     "   "     19ap19     crashed

25/15 O.V.25     00ja19     "   "     00fe24     wfu and scrapped

26/16 O.V.27     00ap19     "   "     00fe24     wfu and scrapped

FRIEDRICHSHAFEN F.F.29

 

QUANTITY: -1-                                SERVICE PERIOD: 1917

USER UNITS:

1) FBS Kbh              (1917)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

Mågen 17        O.V.12     24fe17     FBS Kbh    16oc17 wrecked in Storebælt

FRIEDRICHSHAFEN F.F.49 (H.B.II)

 

QUANTITY: -7-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1919-1926

USER UNITS:

1) FBS Kbh              (1919-1926)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

31   German     14my19     FBS Kbh    21se24     wrecked in storm

32   "          14my19     "   "     000026     wfu, 17my27 scrapped

33   "          14my19     "   "     22se24     crash in take-off

34   "          28my19     "   "     18no23     crashed near Korsør

35   "          05ju19     "   "     000024     wfu, 04fe24 scrapped

36   ex.DL-E    31my23     "   "     21se24     wrecked in storm

37   ex.DL-E    23ju23     "   "     08se26     crashed LMS Kbh.

HANSA-BRANDENBURG W.29 (H.M.I)

 

QUANTITY: -16-                               SERVICE PERIOD: 1919-1931

USER UNITS:

1)  FBS Kbh             (1919-1926)

2)  1.Luftflotille      (1926-1931)

 

SERIAL:     SER.NO:  DEL.DATE:       UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

20  O.V.51  01my27   1.LF            22ap31     wfu, rescue serv. Avnø

21(1)       O.V.30   07ju21          FBS Kbh    03au22 crashed Langelandsbðltet

21(2)       O.V.35   18ju23          "   " /1.LF     29au27 crashed Øresund

22(1)       O.V.31   17ju21          "   "     03my24 crashed Køge Bugt

22(2)       O.V.37   17jl24          "   " /1.LF     26no26 crashed Stevns Fyr

23(1)       O.V.32   22my22          "   "     17ju24 crashed FBS Kbh

23(2)       O.V.38   12no24          "   " /1.LF     19au28 crashed LMS Kbh

24(1)       German   12jl19          "   "     28ju24 crashed Sandhammeren

24(2)       O.V.39   28ma25          "   "     08oc25 crashed Skarritsø

25  O.V.33  07ju22   "   " /1.LF    19au29     crashed LMS Kbh

26(1)       O.V.34   15ju22          "   "     21jl22 crashed Thurø

26(2)       O.V.36   14jl23          "   " /1.LF     06au27 crashed Oresund

27  O.V.40  05my25   "   "    "     13ju28     crashed København

28  O.V.41  20my25   "   "    "     07jl27     crashed Lillebælt

29  O.V.42  08ju25   "   "    "     14ju27     dam.wfu, resc.serv.Avnø

30  O.V.52  01my27                  10se27     crashed on first flight

CURTISS SEAGULL FLYINGBOAT (F.B.VI)

 

QUANTITY: -1-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1919-1921

USER UNITS:

1) FBS Kbh (1919-1921)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

27/17 USA        00no19     FBS Kbh    000021     wfu, Feb.24 scrapped

AVRO 504K/N (L.B.I)

 

QUANTITY: -6/6-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1920-1928/1925-1936

USER UNITS:

AVRO 504K:

1)

AVRO 504N:

1) Marinens Flyveskole   (1925-1936)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

AVRO 504K:

101             00de20                          crash

102             00de20                          crash

103             00de20                          crash

104  RAF H2023  00de20                19ja28     rebuild as 504N Nr.112

105             00de20                19ja28     scrapped

106  RAF H2027  00de20                000026     rebld.as 504N Nr.111

AVRO 504N:

107  UK         28se25     MFLSK      09au26     crashed Øresund

108  O.V.43     11ma26       "        16my29     crashed Ringsted

109  O.V.49     02my27       "        30my29     crashed Ringsted

110  O.V.50     02my27       "        12ju36     wfu, at Tøjhus Museet

111  ex.106     000027       "        20ju28     crashed Avnø

112  ex.104     000029       "        12ju36     wfu, sold as OY-DEL

HAWKER DANKOK (L.B.II)

 

QUANTITY: -15-                               SERVICE PERIOD: 1926-1936

USER UNITS:

1) 2.Luftflotille                (1926-1936)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

151  HW.        00ja26     2.LF

152  HW.        00ja26       "

153  HW.        00ja26       "

154  O.V.46     00ja27       "

155  O.V.47     00ja27       "

156  O.V.48     00fe27       "

157  O.V.53     00oc27       "

158  O.V.54     00oc27       "                   wfu, at Tøjhus Museet

159  O.V.55     00no27       "

160  O.V.56     00no27       "

161  O.V.57     00my28       "        28ju28     crashed Ringsted

162  O.V.58     00my28       "

163  O.V.59     00my28       "

164  O.V.60     00oc28       "

165  O.V.61     00no28       "

SUPERMARINE NANOK (F.B.VII)

 

QUANTITY: -1-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1927

SERVICE HISTORY:

Torpedo bomber developed from Southampton, but equipped with 3 Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar IVA engines of each 400HP. It was build of wood, partly canvas covered and had a crew of 3-4. Armament was 2 45cm torpedoes and 2 8mm MG's. Only one was build and it flew first time 21ju27. Despite many modifications it never could fulfil the rigid contract clauses and acceptance was denied.

Span: 22,86m-lenght: 15,29m-Height: 5,50m.

Empty weight: 4817kg-Fullweight: 7378kg

Max. Speed: 179 km/h, Cruise Speed: 145km/h, Endurance: 3,5 hours, Ceiling: 2750m

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

99              not del.

DE HAVILLAND D.H.60G/M MOTH (L.B.III)

 

QUANTITY: -2/3-                            SERVICE PERIOD: 1928-31/1931-40

USER UNITS:

1) MFLSK  (1928-1940)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

D.H.60G:

148  899        24no28     MFLSK      20ju31     crashed Avnø

149  900        24no28       "        000031     wfu

D.H.60M:

145  1682       05ma31     MFLSK      09ap40     wfu, stored

146  1683       05ma31       "        05se38     crashed Halskov

147  1684       05ma31       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

HEINKEL H.E.8 (H.M.II)

 

QUANTITY: -22-                               SERVICE PERIOD: 1928-1940

USER UNITS:

1) 1.Luftflotille                (1928-1940)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

99   He.311     17au28     1.LF       22no33     crashland near Göteborg

98   He.312     10se28       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

97   He.313     24se28       "        28ja39     wfu and scrapped

96   He.315     22oc28       "        22ap30     crashed Warnemünde

95   He.316     30oc28       "        01oc35     crashed Lynetten

94   He.323     06de28       "        25no35     crashed Øresund

93   O.V.62     07au29       "        10oc38     wfu and scrapped

92   O.V.63     03se29       "        18oc29     crashed Falsterbo

91   O.V.64     13se29       "        22no33     crashed Göteborg

90   O.V.65     30no29       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

89   O.V.66     30no29       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

88   O.V.67     01oc30       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

87   O.V.68     29no30       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

86   O.V.69     20ja31       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

85   O.V.70     21de31       "        04jl38     crashed Gilleleje

84   O.V.71     09ap31       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

83   O.V.72     12no31       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

82   O.V.73     15de31       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

81   O.V.74     30de31       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

80   O.V.90     28ju38       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

79   O.V.91     09au38       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

78   O.V.92     30au38       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

AVRO TUTOR (L.B.IV)

 

QUANTITY: -6-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1932-1940

USER UNITS:

1) MFLSK                (1932-1940)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

113  UK         000032     MFLSK      11ma37     crashed Øresund

114  UK         000032       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

115  UK         000034       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

116  O.V.86     00ju35       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

117  O.V.88     00ap37       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

118  O.V.89     00my37       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

 

 

HAWKER DANTORP (H.B.III)

 

QUANTITY: -2-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1933-1940

USER UNITS:

1) 9.Luftgruppe

2) 1.Luftflotille

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

201  HW 3774    01ma33     9.LG/1.LF  09ap40     wfu, stored

202  HW 3775    22ma33       "    "   09ap40     wfu, stored

HAWKER NIMROD (L.B.V)

 

QUANTITY: -12-                               SERVICE PERIOD: 1934-1940

USER UNITS:

1) 2.Luftflotille                (1934-1940)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

170  HW         00ja34     2.LF       09ap40     wfu, stored

171  HW         00ja34       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

172  O.V.76     00no34       "        22my36     crashed

173  O.V.77     00de34       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

174  O.V.78     00ja35       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

175  O.V.79     00au35       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

176  O.V.80     00se35       "        17fe39     crashed

177  O.V.81     00oc35       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

178  O.V.82     00oc35       "        09ju38     crashed

179  O.V.83     00oc35       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

180  O.V.84     00de35       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

181  O.V.85     00de35       "        09ap40     wfu, stored

DORNIER DO.F2 WAL (F.M.I)

 

QUANTITY: -1-                              SERVICE PERIOD: 1938-1940

USER UNITS:

1) 1.Luftflotille                (1938-1940)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

50   Dr.297     25ap38     1.LF       09ap40     wfu, stored, ex. D-AFAR

FAIREY P.4/34 (L.M.I)

 

QUANTITY: -0-                    SERVICE PERIOD: 1940 (not del.)

SERVICE HISTORY:

Serials 93-104 under construction at Orlogsværftet as O.V.231-242 since Feb.1939, but none were completed or delivered before 9.April 1940. Should have been formed into a new 3.LF.

KRAMME & ZEUTHEN KZ-IIS (L.M.II)

 

QUANTITY: -4-                              SERVICE PERIOD: (1940)

 

SERIAL:         SER.NO:    DEL.DATE:  UNIT/DATE  WFU DATE     REMARKS

61   KZ.38      04jl40                          not used, stored at Ålborg

62   KZ.39      04jl40                          not used, stored at Ålborg

63   KZ.40      04jl40                          not used, stored at Ålborg

64   KZ.41      04jl40                          not used, stored at Ålborg